Research Outcomes

The research projects at Amity University Dubai are undertaken to have a meaningful positive impact on society, while also benefitting the region economically.

Each project is meant to accomplish a series of outcomes that will positively impact our academic and business communities.

Built Environment

The Built Environment (BE), a core research sector of School of Engineering, Architecture and Design at Amity University Dubai, has contributed to urban, architectural and infrastructural facets of the UAE, through a range of research projects focusing on sustainability and innovation by partnering with international and regional partners in achieving a balanced humane quotient in the built environment.

  • Research Projects of BE including ‘BAITYKOOL’ and ‘Initial Physical Properties of Soils’ have contributed to four international conference proceedings.

  • The focal track of Geotechnical Engineering within the BE research sector has contributed to Eleven SCI – Scopus Indexed journal papers focusing on the regional context of UAE.

  • The EXPO-Live 2020 project, ‘LESOLARIUM’ has included the design and construction of a prototype by the Students of Amity University Dubai, that was demonstrated at the Place Pavilion at EXPO 2020.

  • Two tenured faculty of EAID - Amity University Dubai who are part of the core-team of ‘BAITYKOOL’ are researchers and Ph.D. scholars at University of Bordeaux, France and are conducting live experiments, collecting data and working with students of Amity University Dubai in the Living Lab established at the Sustainable City in Dubai.

    • Research on Bioclimatic architecture as a sustainable response to the problem of buildings in extreme warm climates. Experimentation on the active and passive strategies of the Baitykool prototype as a living lab to analyze the thermal comfort condition and the energy demand.

    • Development of an energy balance strategy optimized the energy use for the house functioning with the energy powered solar. Researcher & Ph.D. Scholar at University of Bordeaux: Abraham K Samuel, Associate Professor, EAID, Amity University – Dubai.

    • Experimentation on the Aquaponics system at the Baitykool prototype designed as a model for residence suiting to extreme hot climate. Test conducted during the varied climatic conditions to analyze the system performance and production of food as a source of energy and its benefits to have the improved thermal comfort conditions at the house patio (Exterior Courtyard) and the indoors with health and wellness with the use of the biological system.

    • Various water recycling strategies which can be adopted in residential building is also tested with prototype. Researcher & Ph.D. Scholar at University of Bordeaux: Vidya Mohanan, Associate Professor, EAID, Amity University - Dubai

The media program at Amity University Dubai presents a versatile amalgamation of scholarly work, including research publications. All offered courses are embedded with research-based projects and creative works with the students. The media faculty has also been engaged in research writing and presentations in their respective disciplines.  An indicative list of the research outputs is listed below. 

Media Research Outcomes

R. Chowdhury, S. Narula,(2021):  Language, Culture & Digital Media: Emerging Trends & Challenges- Transformation of Higher Education Through Online Teaching and Learning: A Study of Teachers Perspective, page 65 (ISBN: 978-93-5445-104-1 )

Sangra, S. (2021). Deconstructing Masculinity: Changing Portrayal of Indian Men on OTT Platforms. Journal of Content, Community & Communication, 14(1), 290–300.  

This paper examined and evaluated the representation of masculinity in various Indian OTT platforms' understood understand how the Indian OTT content is blurring masculinity images instead of what the cultural products are portraying.  

Three content from Indian OTT platforms are selected with the purposive sampling method - 'Little Things' – Season 1 & 2 on Netflix, 'Made in Heaven' on Amazon Prime Video, and 'Yeh Meri Family' on TVF Play, to analyse along variables formulated to justify the hypothesis – 'Indian content on OTT platforms is blurring the one-tone representation of masculinity'. 

The paper proposes a revised study of men and masculinity, challenging the patriarchal framework of gender and power for future development in the study.  The study posit that OTT platforms have taken a step towards bringing equality among and within genders through their representation to make a difference and build acceptance in society for heterogeneity within masculinity.

Sangra, S. (2019). Scope and Ethical Implications of Immersive Storytelling and Journalism.  Global Media Journal (Arabian Edition).  Retrieved from  

The paper dwells on how contemporary journalism competes with the rapid pace of technology-driven new ways of content creation. The latest addition is immersive storytelling, where story consumers are part of the narrative is examined.  With first-person experiences enabled by VR technologies, viewers are taken to an immersive experience to generate empathy. 

VR storytellers also claim that immersive journalism has the potential to provide deeper insights into the story. However, on the other hand, there are potential ethical fallouts.  The ‘reconstructed dramatic imagery’ could add ‘fictional elements’ negating objectivity in journalism.  VR content can be manipulative and can be used for 'agenda setting’, misinformation, disinformation, and false news creation.  The more significant question is: can news consumers expect VR journalists to follow ethical principles and values equipped with enhanced technology-based power? 

The purpose of this study is to understand the current practices of VR storytellers and the future of immersive storytelling into mainstream journalistic practices.  This paper provides background on the evolution of media technologies and aims to understand the scope and ethical implications of immersive storytelling and journalism, using five selected VR stories as the model for analysis.  How are these VR stories different in story ideas and formats than mainstream journalistic stories?

Sangra, S. (nd.). Crowdsourcing, Celebrities participation and User-Generated Content: Exploring Effectiveness of Social Media Challenge #SafeHands in India. Global Media Journal – Arabian Edition, 3(3). Retrieved from

Keynote speaker in Kolkata Media Conference. Special session on Neo-Storytelling and the new content game (Case study: Masaba Masaba)

S. Pattanayak and V. K. Shukla, "Comparative Analysis of ENG, EFP and Drone camera and its Impact in Television Production," 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), Kharagpur, India, 2020, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.1109/ICCCNT49239.2020.9225380.

This paper discusses how Drones, also known as unmanned aerial vehicles, are turning into a promising new instrument for electronic news gathering (ENG) and electronic field production (EFP) and the safety and legal consideration for aerial cinematography. 

S. Pattanayak, F. Malik and M. Verma, "Viability of Mobile phone cameras in professional broadcasting: A case study of camera Efficiency of Apple iPhone 11,"  2021 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Knowledge Economy (ICCIKE), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2021, pp. 452-456, doi: 10.1109/ICCIKE51210.2021.9410774.

This paper discussed  how visual communication offers  effective solutions through lenses, sensors, and other physical attributes of video cameras while drawing a comparison between the ENG (drones) and Smartphone cameras (iPhone 11). 

S. Pattanayak, "Standard video compression method and High Density Encoding CODEX: An Evaluative Study," 2021 12th International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), Kharagpur, India, 2021, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/ICCCNT51525.2021.9579785.

This paper focuses upon how the standard video compression method can be made economical with HDE of ARRI in objective quality through high-density encoding system. 

S. Pattanayak and V. K. Shukla, "Review of Recommender System for OTT platform through Artificial Intelligence," 2021 9th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) (ICRITO), Noida, India, 2021, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICRITO51393.2021.9596297.

This study discusses various recommendation systems and their relationship with artificial intelligence used by leading OTT platforms and how such AI developed algorithms to help people discover valuable and entertaining information.

N. Mahanta, K. S. Prasaad, M. S. Sheeja and S. Pattanayak, "Impact of COVID-19 on Blended Learning Culture for Media Education in UAE," 2022 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ASET53988.2022.9734858.

This study is an analysis of how online education has offered both benefits and challenges among teachers and students. The study categorizes blended learning as a part of continuous education in the new normal.

S. Pattanayak, N. Mahanta, K. S. Prasaad, R. Sethi and S. M. S, "Taking Remote video production to the next level of broadcasting," 2022 13th International Conference on Computing Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), Kharagpur, India, 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ICCCNT54827.2022.9984309.

This study examines the upcoming technologies which are cost and time effective for outside broadcasting services. Opinion on newer technologies were collected, analyzed and recommended through survey research. 

The program of Forensic Science’s publications gained momentum in 2019, with 6 publications per faculty.

This was a significant leap from 2018, when the publications were at 0.33 per faculty.  The year 2020 per faculty publication ratio retained at 4.33.  2021 through 2022 the publications per faculty plateaued at one per faculty.

Forensics, as an applied science, is embedded in experiments with the use of appropriate equipment to determine inter-disciplinary subjects of enquiry including but not limited to the use of Nano- carbon for visual enhancement of latent fingerprints or investigating dust deposition on solar panels. The intervention of Artificial Intelligence in the future of firearm examination, Forensic Block Chain and it's linkage with Artificial Intelligence, and the Implementation of Blockchain Technology in Forensic Evidence Management.  A very key area of Forensic investigation is investigating interventions in Wildlife Mediated Zoonotic Outbreaks.

The above and ongoing work in Forensic sciences is prompted by the need to respond to emerging questions in Forensic science teaching and fueling research. This scholarly work has been undertaken in liaison with faculty from other schools (particularly Engineering) in order to be able to tap on knowledge, skills and competencies of different disciplines in developing a holistic argument.

A synopsis for each publication is provided below: 

Madhavan, A. A., Philip, S., Ann, M., & Alsuwaidi, M. (2020, February). Camphoric based Nano carbon for the visual enhancement of latent fingerprints. In 2020 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET) (pp. 1-4). IEEE.

This study brings in the expertise of Dr Asha (Engineering faculty) in the application of green synthesized Nano carbon soot which is environmentally benign, and low cost option and can be used in the crime scene for the development of latent finger print, combining the Forensics expertise (Ms. Sharon Philip).

Different surfaces like paper, plastic and metals are explored to evaluate the performance of Nano carbon as compared with standard carbon powder. Nano carbon showed an improved image quality on both porous and nonporous surfaces by revealing more number of minutiae in comparison with commercial black powder.

Apurv Yadav, Swaroop Ramaswamy Pillai, Nrashant Singh, Sharon Ann Philip, Vidya Mohanan (2021), Preliminary investigation of dust deposition on solar cells, Materials Today: Proceedings ,Volume 46, Part 15,2021, pp  6812-6815, ISSN 2214-7853,


Solar panel soiling loss is a serious issue and area of interest for researchers. Deposition of airborne dust particles on outdoor located solar cell or modules may reduce the transmittance of solar cell glazing and cause a significant degradation of solar conversion efficiency of PV modules. 

Detection of effect of soiling can be done by various methods. Preliminary investigation for visual inspection using a microscope is one of the less costly and easily accessible method. The cleaning of panels also leads to some form of deformation in the solar cells. This paper discusses the investigation of these defects. 

N. Mani, S. S. Parab, S. Manaswini, S. Philip, P. B. Hari and N. Singh, "Forensic Block Chain and it's linkage with Artificial Intelligence: A new Approach," 2021 2nd International Conference on Computation, Automation and Knowledge Management (ICCAKM), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2021, pp. 70-74, doi: 10.1109/ICCAKM50778.2021.9357739.

Forensic block chain is an emerging technique in the field of forensic science. This study aimed to link Artificial Intelligence to forensic block chain and develop a digitalize chain of custody of evidences that will help the forensic investigators to link the cases worldwide and help in solving crimes efficiently. It is a system integrated tool that helps in maintaining and representing the chain of custody, which ought to be maintained throughout the investigation. 

Forensic block chain is an approach wherein the investigators or law enforcement officials store the history of criminal case in a digitalized form on block chains which in turn stores the information on remote servers. The data regarding the criminal records are highly encrypted providing less probability for intruders to gain access into the system. 

Implementing artificial intelligence will help to manage and sort the data related to case records/criminal profile. AI helps in creating and analyzing a case report, and further processing of evidence.

Kudonu, M. A. AlShamsi, S. Philip, G. Khokhar, P. B. Hari and N. Singh, "Artificial Intelligence: Future of Firearm Examination," 2022 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2022, pp. 1-5, doi: 10.1109/ASET53988.2022.9735105.

The purpose of this research was to evaluate the approach of artificial intelligence for the examination of bullets to obtain an objective analysis. An effort was made through this research to evaluate the aims of artificial intelligence in forensic ballistics and to examine the class characteristics such as rifling marks and individual characteristics of a bullet and include a method of recommendation. 

The current standard procedure for firearm examination is to compare two gunshot samples, one from the crime scene and the other from a firearm test shot.  A bullet recovered at a crime scene can be studied using a comparison microscope, which allows a ballistics examiner to determine and compare the bullet to ascertain its source and if it was shot from the same firearm, which is a subjective analysis. 

The end-point objectives of this review are improvements and alterations to enhance the examination of a submitted bullet using the latest technological innovation such as a virtual microscope, quantum 3D microscope, and artificial intelligence expert systems. 

R. Sathyaprakasan, P. Govindan, S. Alvi, L. Sadath, S. Philip and N. Singh, "An Implementation of Blockchain Technology in Forensic Evidence Management," 2021 International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Knowledge Economy (ICCIKE), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 2021, pp. 208-212, doi: 10.1109/ICCIKE51210.2021.9410791.

This study aimed to create a framework and further propose an algorithm to implement Blockchain Technology to digitalize forensic evidence management system and maintain Chain of Custody. Based on the concept of Hyperledger Fabric. Evidence management is crucial in the field of forensic science. 

Evidences obtained from a crime scene are important in solving the case and delivering justice to the parties involved. Hence, protecting these evidences from any form of alteration is of utmost important. Chain of Custody is the process which maintains the integrity of evidence.  Inability to maintain the chain of custody will make the evidence inadmissible in court, eventually leading to the case dismissal. 

Digitalization of forensic evidence management system is a need of time as it is an environment friendly model.  Blockchains are digitally distributed ledgers of transactions signed cryptographically in chronological order that are sorted into blocks and is completely open to anyone in the blockchain network. 

Joseph A, Bishnoi MM. Forensic Science Interventions in Wildlife Mediated Zoonotic Outbreaks: A Systematic Review. J Commun Dis 2020; 52(4): 8896. doi:

This review discusses the nature and types of zoonotic diseases and the link to human activities of wildlife poaching and trafficking. It is estimated that about billions of currencies are spent by nations annually due to these diseases and millions of people die as a consequence of zoonotic diseases.  This article reviewed the past and present zoonotic diseases and transmission through natural, accidental and deliberate modes. 

This review addresses the impact of human vs. wildlife conflict in emerging zoonotic diseases focusing on bioterrorism. The objective of the present review was to highlight the significance of advanced forensic science technologies for the detection and prevention of the future zoonotic outbreaks of the suspected bio crimes and wildlife crimes. 

Stemming from faculty expertise and the courses being taught by our faculty (Aby Joseph) regarding the Principles of Human Genetics and DNA fingerprinting, there was a felt need to address the limitation in the techniques to identify crime scene evidence sample.  The goal of this project is to overcome the limitations of the current Forensic DNA analysis by creating composite sketches as well as the ancestry and geographic origins of unknown perpetrators from biological evidence samples.

Forensic DNA profiling can only be successful when the DNA profile recovered from a human biological crime scene trace matches the DNA profile of a potential suspect, who can be identified either directly from the police investigation or by searching regional or national criminal DNA databases.   However, there is an “information gap” in cases where a perpetrator has successfully escaped police investigation in the respective case or when the perpetrators DNA profile has not yet been added to the criminal database.

Amity University Dubai supports research activities with generous internal funding for qualifing research proposals that undergo rigorous screening procedure and presentation by the Principal Investigator.

Aby Joseph has been sponsored by Amity University Dubai under internal research grants a sum of AED 72000 in its first phase to conduct the research on the title ‘Technical validation and evaluation of Miseq FGx forensic phenotyping (iMAGENE) and ancestry predication assays’. This research is a collaborative project along with the Ministry of Interior, Abu Dhabi and university of health Sciences, Ras al Khaimah.  The overall aim of the Forensic Phenotyping project is to broaden the forensic use of DNA towards constructing composite sketches and  ancestry identification of unknown perpetrators from unknown biological traces and sources and as fast as possible within current legal frameworks and ethical guidelines.

In particular, this project will:

1.    Validate the accuracy of iMAGEN ® phenotyping kit developed by (VEROGEN) for future application in routine forensic casework in UAE and beyond.

2.     Study of the NGS data with existing IT capabilities of the Ministry of Interior and validate for analyzing DNA predictors of appearance, age, and ancestry.

3.    Compare the accuracy and precision of composite sketches with biometric digital images.

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